In humans, fungal infections occur when an invading fungus takes over an area of the body and is too much for the immune system to handle. Fungi can live in the air, soil, water, and plants. There are also some fungi that live naturally in the human body. Like many microbes, there are helpful fungi and harmful fungi. When harmful fungi invade the body, they can be difficult to kill, as they can survive in the environment and re-infect the person trying to get better. 

The symptoms of a fungal infection will depend on the type, but common symptoms include the following: skin changes – including red and possibly cracking or peeling skin, itching.


Fungi reproduce by releasing spores that can be picked up by direct contact or even inhaled. That’s why fungal infections are most likely to affect your skin, nails, or lungs. Fungi can also penetrate your skin, affect your organs, and cause a body-wide systemic infection.

Some common types of fungal infection include:

  • athlete’s foot
  • jock itch
  • ringworm
  • yeast infection
  • onychomycosis, or a fungal infection of the nail


Treatment of fungal infections begins with seeking regular medical care. Regular medical care allows dermatologist to assess your risks of developing fungal infections and promptly order diagnostic testing for fungal infections and underlying conditions as needed. These measures greatly increase the chances of diagnosing and treating underlying causes of fungal infections in their earliest stages.

Tinea, or ringworm, is an organism that may cause fungal infection on the scalp, fungal infections on the face, or infections on other areas of the body. Ringworm creates a characteristic fungal infection skin rash that is circular, raised, red, and itchy. People usually pick up ringworm from other people, pets, or contaminated items that carry the organism. 
Athlete’s Foot
Athlete’s foot is a type of fungal infection on the feet. It results in cracked, itching, burning, and peeling between the toes. The infection is caused by a type of ringworm often found in locker rooms, gyms, pool areas, towels, and shoes.
Jock Itch
Jock itch is a fungal infection on the groin. This red, itchy, raised rash can affect both men and women. Jock itch is caused by a type of ringworm fungus. You’re more likely to get it when you are sweating and in humid weather.
Nail Fungus
Toenail fungal infection is very common. It appears as thick, yellowish, brittle toenails, although fingernails can be affected as well.
Yeast Infection
Common yeast infections, also called candida and candidiasis, can infect vagina. Women who have vaginal candidiasis may experience itching and a thick, white discharge. They may notice redness and swelling around the vagina and may experience pain with urination or intercourse. The intensity of symptoms can vary from person to person.

Contact Us

Follow Us On